The Natural Resources Administration and the Petroleum Unit


The Natural Resources Administration (NRA) is the entity within the Ministry that regulates the exploitation of natural resources in Israel.  It includes two professional units: the Petroleum Unite (PU) that manages oil and gas and the Mines and Querries Unit that manages industrial minerals and ores. The PU acts in accordance with the Petroleum Law and its various regulations and guidelines. Its functions include granting petroleum rights and supervising the Exploration and Production (E&P) activities within these rights.  The focus of the PU is Upstream activity while the Gas Authority regulates Downstream activity in Israel.  The head of the PU is the Petroleum Commissioner. Underneath him are several departments with professional staff including engineers, geologists, geophysicist, environmental specialists and economists.  The PU and its staff are acting as an advisory body to the Minister of Energy and to various governmental units within and outside the Ministry in all matters related to the exploration and production of oil and natural gas. 

One of the main activities of the PU is managing and preserving information relating to E&P activity in Israel that is submitted by the operating companies, in accordance with the Petroleum Law. Information managed by the PU includes seismic and other geophysical data, geological data, drilling and engineering data, environmental data, rocks and core samples, reports on all the activities that are taking place in petroleum rights as well as administrative information. These data are kept either within the Ministry or in two of its research facilities:  The Geophysical Institute and the Geological Survey of Israel. The PU is in the process of establishing a National Data Repository (NDR) for all data types. An international tender for supply of the NDR facility will be finalized towards the end of 2016.

Main functions of the PU:​
  • Regulation
  • ​​​​Engineering Inspection
  • Geology and Geophysics
  • Environmental Inspection
  • Economy